澳洲美食 在餐馆里如何用英文点牛排

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牛排烹调的生熟度(Degree of Cooking )

牛排的烹调方式有煎(Grill)与烤(Roast)。Grill是烤架的意思,将牛排放在炭火上直接加热叫做煎,把牛排放到烤箱里加热叫做烤(Roast),以下是介绍煎制牛排的生熟度:Very Rare:极生,煎的(Grill)时间不超过3分钟。外表有烧烤过的痕迹,但是里面还是冷得几乎没有受到热度。切开时还有血水渗出,但是肉质极嫩,口感多汁。

Rare:生,煎的时间不超过4分钟。外表有烤焦痕迹,里面肉质呈现原来红色,但入口有热度。切开时还有血水渗出,但是肉质极嫩,口感多汁。

Medium Rare:中生,煎的时间6~8分钟。外表有烧烤过的痕迹,但是里面已经全面加热,可以感受到相当热度,但是肉质还是呈现红色。切开时还有稍许血水渗出,但是肉质嫩,口感多汁。

Medium:稍熟,煎的时间8~10分钟。外表烧烤呈深褐色,但是里面除了中间部分呈现粉红色外,外围部分呈现烧烤过的淡褐色。切开时流出褐色肉汁,需要咬上数口才能咽下。

Medium Well:稍熟,煎的时间8~10分钟。外表烧烤呈深褐色,但是里面除了中间部分呈现粉红色外,外围部分呈现烧烤过的淡褐色。切开时流出褐色肉汁,需要咬上数口才能咽下。

Well Done:甚熟,煎的时间12~15分钟外表已有明显烤焦痕迹,热度已经渗入整片肉,里面肉色因为高度加热呈现深褐色。咬劲很够才能下咽。

牛排佐料(Accompaniments )

马铃薯:Mashed Potato(马铃薯泥)或Baked Potato(烤马铃薯)、French Fries(马铃薯条),三者择一:前食用时可加肉汁调味;后者食用食用刀切开,可以涂上少许牛油(Butter )或食盐调味。

蔬菜:一小节煮过的玉蜀黍(Corn)、数颗绿色花椰菜(Broccoli)、洋葱(Onion)。

蘑菇:数片小蘑菇(Mushroom)

比较高级的牛排餐的佐料会提供海鲜,例如一只龙虾尾、或两只炸明虾,就是我们台湾所称的「海陆大餐」(Surf and Turf)或者(Reef and Beef)。二者都有押韵。Surf 是冲浪代表海产、Turf是草地代表牛的饲料;Reef是礁石代表海产。

牛排调味料(Condiment)

有许多人食用牛排喜欢原味,不加任何调味料。但也有人喜欢家一些调味料,冲淡牛排的血腥味。在一般大众化的牛排馆,供应瓶装有品牌的牛排酱(Steak Sauce),最有名的两个牌子是A1 Steak Sauce 与Heinz 57 两种。非大众化的牛排馆供应由厨师自制的牛排酱汁,如蘑菇酱汁(Wild Mushroom Source)或者黑胡椒酱汁(Black Pepper Sauce)。

A1牛排酱Heinz牛排酱蘑菇酱汁黑胡椒酱汁知道了有关牛排的知识与单字之后,我们来练习一下,如何点牛排:

Waiter:What kind of steak you prefer for the dinner?

Guest:Mmm, they all look appealing(诱人的), do you have any suggestion?

Waiter:I recommend the Chef's Special, the Prime Grade Fillet Mignon. It is very light and tender.

Guest:What do you mean by Prime Grade?

Waiter:It means the best quality beef according to the grading system made by the US Department of Agriculture.

Guest:I see, so I take you're advice, let's try your Filet Mignon.

Waiter:Thanks, how do you want to your steak cooked? Most guests choose Medium Rare.

Guest:Will it be too rare? I am not used to rare food.

Waiter:Not at all, you will find that is the meat is so tender and juicy.

Guest:I'll tr????y, don't let me down.

Waiter:Yes, Sir. What kind of accompaniments you choose to match your steak? We have potato, vegetables, and mushrooms.

Guest:Do you have baked potato, broccoli, and some mushrooms?

Waiter:We certainly do. Any condiment?

Guest:No, thank you, I prefer the original taste of the steak.

Waiter:Do you want some wine to go with the steak?

Guest:A glass of your house wine will be fine

Waiter:Thanks for your order, the steak will be ready in 15 minutes.

……….

Waiter:Here is your steak, please be careful of the hot plate. Enjoy your dinner.

Guest:Thanks a lot.

…..

Waiter:How is the dinner? Do you like the steak?

Guest:Terrific, everything is so tasty.

Waiter:After the main course, do you want some dessert?

Guest:I'm really full, I would rather pass this time, could you fixe me a cup of coffee?

Waiter:Of course. Do you want it black, or to go with sugar and cream?

Guest:The black will do.